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154곳 제약 2018년 매출 순위, ‘다국적↓ 국내제약↑’상위 20곳 전체 매출 절반 차지, 최상위권간 매출차이 좁혀져
총 매출 24조7752억 ‘5.6% 성장’, 하위권 제약 실적저조 두드러져

[의학신문·일간보사=김영주 기자]154곳 제약 매출 집계에서 상위 20곳이 전체 매출의 절반이상을 차지하고 있는 것으로 집계된 가운데 이들 상위권간 순위다툼이 치열하게 전개되고 있는 것으로 분석됐다. 매출 1, 2위 기업이 다소 주춤한 사이 3~5위권 기업이 성장에 박차를 가하며 차이를 줄이고 있고, 다국적제약사들이 뒷걸음치고 있는 반면 국내 제약기업들이 치고 올라가고 있다. 일본계 기업의 견조한 성장세 또한 이어지고 있는 것으로 나타났다.

                                    154곳 제약 2018년 영업실적

                                                                                                (단위: 백만원, %)

 순위   회사명   매출액   증감율   영업이익   증감율   당기순이익   증감율 
           2,018            2,018          2,018
        1  유한양행       1,506,765       3.77          60,940 -    24.16        81,493 -      26.41
        2  녹십자       1,141,422       3.91          46,310 -    41.24        47,932 -      12.48
        3  종근당         955,704       8.08          78,005 -      0.14        42,568 -      20.64
        4  대웅제약         943,522       8.86          30,765 -    31.07          1,481 -      95.97
        5  한미약품         795,016     13.15          43,269 -      7.85        12,762 -      66.99
        6  화이자제약         734,388 -    2.29          11,421 -    74.56        26,115 -      44.80
        7  광동제약         697,077       1.24          33,753 -      8.45        22,991 -        3.60
        8  동아에스티         567,246       2.25          39,416       63.78        17,560  흑자전환 
        9  JW중외제약         537,182       6.81          26,400       21.56        10,435  흑자전환 
       10  일동제약         503,393       9.34          27,568       10.83        12,116 -      37.50
       11  CJ헬스케어         490,699 -    5.73          56,598 -    30.72        47,373 -      16.22
       12  한국노바티스         474,228       9.43          42,820  흑자전환         26,542  흑자전환 
       13  보령제약         460,401       8.91          25,025  1,479.86        22,902 -      58.62
       14  한독         440,098       6.45          24,526     957.16        21,040         28.73
       15  아스트라제네카         383,141     22.93          17,721       20.17        13,009         29.28
       16  동아제약         381,248 -    2.69          52,619         6.90        44,719         16.40
       17  한국로슈         375,337       4.10              661  흑자전환         21,943       585.29
       18  바이엘코리아         374,788       7.39          17,168         6.83        13,935          7.65
       19  사노피 아벤티스         372,327       9.76          20,666         2.72        13,324 -      38.98
       20  동국제약         353,839       9.45          48,263         0.86        41,098          8.89
       21  휴온스         313,390     12.73          47,981       23.63        43,415         19.23
       22  동화약품         306,602     18.43          11,232         2.23        10,074 -      78.57
       23  GSK         292,691 -    2.57 -         4,228  적자지속           8,205 -        6.77
       24  대원제약         283,583       7.68          32,560       23.13        24,468       201.00
       25  대웅바이오         276,746     12.18          46,350       54.43        35,954 -        9.40
       26  한국얀센         264,684       5.85          17,932 -      3.48          7,674 -      38.17
       27  베링거인겔하임         261,437       6.63            9,691  흑자전환           4,675 -      14.17
       28  삼진제약         260,016       6.01          59,542       26.83        25,526 -      28.69
       29  한국머크         247,375       9.18            7,254 -    29.69          5,057 -      30.34
       30  박스터         223,402       0.04          17,149     102.92          9,994          5.58
       31  유나이티드         211,935       7.57          37,750       19.02        31,672         13.67
       32  프레제니우스메디칼         209,748       4.34          16,839 -    13.26        11,200 -      23.14
       33  경보제약         201,343       5.05          17,266 -    29.77        13,116 -      26.98
       34  알보젠코리아         193,732       1.93          23,521 -      8.96        10,614 -        3.50
       35  부광약품         192,540     28.35          34,538     128.31      151,069       922.12
       36  유한화학         188,765 -    0.76 -         6,245  적자전환  -       7,482  적자전환 
       37  일양약품         186,423       4.19 -         4,173  적자전환  -       9,456  적자전환 
       38  영진약품         186,408 -    4.41 -         2,187  적자전환  -       6,100  적자전환 
       39  안국약품         180,052       0.67          15,471       46.44        13,337         67.97
       40  신풍제약         177,315       0.96            5,875 -    30.22            800  흑자전환 
       41  경동제약         175,237 -    0.19          36,653       17.34          3,486 -      82.71
       42  명인제약         170,514       6.86          54,403       31.47        42,364         36.18
       43  오츠카제약         161,705       8.84          31,281       54.76        24,628         46.27
       44  한국휴텍스제약         160,172     15.38          26,439         2.90        13,313 -      33.36
       45  대한약품         158,720       9.89          36,218       12.29        28,518         14.84
       46  환인제약         154,664       4.54          27,342 -      7.78        21,517 -      20.81
       47  하나제약         152,832       9.69          33,563         5.12        26,169          7.68
       48  명문제약         143,020       6.75            6,656 -    18.18            988 -      87.06
       49  한림제약         139,634 -  23.10          18,761 -    64.50        23,180 -      49.32
       50  셀트리온제약         139,470       7.67            3,655 -    21.35 -     10,237  적자지속 
       51  현대약품         133,943       2.65            1,791 -    10.90          1,120 -      23.18
       52  노보노디스크         132,725     40.53            5,084  흑자전환           3,748       137.37
       53  유니메드제약         132,147       8.63          14,072       67.76        10,310 -      24.48
       54  종근당바이오         124,510       5.35            7,008 -    22.41          7,956 -        0.75
       55  이연제약         122,990 -    2.58            5,550 -    65.31          3,883 -      69.80
       56  삼천당제약         121,919       1.69            5,061 -    54.50          5,529 -      31.66
       57  동광제약         121,675     16.13          22,232       19.53        16,528         16.52
       58  대한뉴팜         119,527 -    8.63          20,019       52.72          2,446  흑자전환 
       59  건일제약         113,612     11.69            3,504 -    10.34          1,822 -      60.71
       60  한국애브비         110,275     25.33            3,313 -      5.61          4,779         36.62
       61  GSK컨슈머헬스케어         109,969 -    3.87            2,314       79.24 -       1,626  적자전환 
       62  코오롱제약         106,807     13.03            3,599 -    24.45          1,788 -      41.42
       63  국제약품         106,305 -  13.07            2,978 -    12.64          1,698       139.15
       64  바이넥스         104,016     33.31            6,169  흑자전환           2,638  흑자전환 
       65  한국프라임제약         102,518       1.91            9,716 -    47.81          7,211 -      47.54
       66  화일약품         102,072 -    0.38            6,938       29.49          5,389       102.21
       67  씨티씨바이오         101,513     11.12 -         5,566  적자지속  -       8,340  적자지속 
       68  한국알콘         100,891 -  10.07 -         2,325  적자지속           1,079 -      19.54
       69  유영제약           94,910       3.38            4,129 -      4.50          3,407         13.04
       70  삼일제약           94,141       2.86 -         5,712  적자전환  -       8,552  적자지속 
       71  보령바이오파마           94,034 -    2.12          11,248       16.04        10,662         41.35
       72  동성제약           91,912     11.56 -         1,807  적자전환  -       5,744  적자지속 
       73  한올바이오파마           91,839       9.03            5,506       58.22          3,332 -      42.08
       74  JW중외신약           91,776     19.43              631  흑자전환  -       7,119  적자지속 
       75  삼양바이오팜           90,956     13.04          10,732       29.29        10,320 -      46.08
       76  젠자임코리아           88,887 -    0.74            8,592 -    46.82          6,618 -      48.27
       77  한미정밀화학           85,311   878.67 -         1,430  적자전환  -       1,775  적자전환 
       78  대화제약           79,981 -    6.78            4,711 -    50.68          6,370 -      52.96
       79  앨러간코리아           79,895 -    0.39            3,130       67.65          2,146          5.45
       80  콜마파마           78,442     11.53          12,128       51.52        14,672         84.88
       81  사노피파스퇴르           75,998 -    3.38            3,039         5.67          1,596 -        7.91
       82  한국쿄와하코기린           72,160     10.91            8,885       26.84          6,417         41.03
       83  한국팜비오           69,536 -    4.70          12,472       15.32        11,075       120.88
       84  삼아제약           66,947       8.34            9,360       23.00          8,799         51.68
       85  국전약품           64,683       7.20            5,072             -          3,616         15.86
       86  프레지니우스카비           64,093 -    1.37            2,324 -    49.83            590 -      68.42
       87  한화제약           63,722       1.60            3,452         2.34          1,482          0.68
       88  파마리서치프로덕트           63,065     17.76          17,416         5.01        14,408         11.22
       89  일성신약           61,652 -    8.04            2,258 -    12.82          2,945         12.06
       90  조아제약           61,640       7.82            1,509       62.78            672 -      66.98
       91  풍림무약           60,374       1.46            2,709 -      5.18          1,857         95.06
       92  한국유씨비제약           58,439       1.79            3,588 -      0.17          2,758          0.36
       93  휴메딕스           57,579     14.52            7,471 -    33.03          7,724 -      23.38
       94  한국룬드벡           55,815       5.68            1,854 -    47.37          1,257         14.17
       95  비씨월드제약           55,114       9.77            9,436         6.29          7,936 -        1.81
       96  한국유니온제약           54,662       7.51            7,768 -      1.13          5,828         88.61
       97  한국메나리니           54,274 -    2.41 -         1,960  적자지속  -       1,996  적자전환 
       98  신일제약           53,276       4.58            6,021 -    34.82          5,713 -      30.31
       99  이니스트바이오제약           53,236     31.00            1,759         5.84          1,364         50.06
     100  구주제약           52,533       6.22            2,682 -    50.47          1,867 -      55.59
     101  고려제약           52,027 -    6.09            3,527 -    33.43          6,560         40.08
     102  위더스제약           50,945       2.88          11,276         0.55          8,490         15.79
     103  고려은단           50,349 -    2.98            3,191 -    24.65          3,000 -      18.12
     104  CMG제약           49,864     20.05            2,567       64.76          6,065       114.01
     105  디에이치피코리아           49,624 -    0.37          10,715 -    15.06        10,002 -      22.33
     106  대우제약           49,426 -    0.50              256  흑자전환             194 -      32.40
     107  태극제약           48,813 -    9.29              445  흑자전환  -       2,656  적자지속 
     108  에이프로젠           48,100 -  22.64          14,074 -    50.14        37,562       112.13
     109  진양제약           46,862       7.86            1,465  흑자전환             933  흑자전환 
     110  메디카코리아           44,932       7.36            2,539       47.02            422  흑자전환 
     111  켐트로스           44,434       2.26            3,847 -    29.70          5,490       405.99
     112  서울제약           44,141 -    5.38 -         3,742  적자전환  -       4,354  적자전환 
     113  마더스제약           43,133     33.26            3,379 -    21.24          1,467 -      61.36
     114  삼성제약           42,911       9.85 -         4,121  적자지속  -       1,343  적자지속 
     115  영일제약           41,029       3.04            9,051       13.48          7,968         13.36
     116  에스텍파마           40,330       5.65            1,460 -    49.18          6,583       130.09
     117  한국세르비에           39,794       5.77            2,348 -    39.44          1,778 -      39.34
     118  삼익제약           39,371 -    3.24            2,005 -    52.26          1,509 -      52.14
     119  다림바이오텍           37,881     13.83            7,485       42.93          5,825       172.71
     120  영풍제약           37,686       5.57            8,769         3.70          7,337          4.78
     121  게르베코리아           37,682       4.26                75 -    97.26 -          323  적자전환 
     122  넥스팜코리아           35,555     17.33            3,159     115.63          2,316       309.91
     123  아산제약           35,444       0.63            2,032       72.64          2,261         55.72
     124  한국파비스제약           34,832     15.32            7,484         2.63          5,988          5.83
     125  퍼슨(성광제약)           34,527       4.12            4,030 -    25.96          2,906          5.14
     126  성광제약           34,527       4.12            4,030 -    25.96          2,906          5.14
     127  한국바이오켐제약           32,100       8.62            6,283 -    15.09          5,623 -      10.97
     128  한국글로벌제약           31,573     11.16            1,473 -    15.34          1,176       168.49
     129  한국피엠지제약           31,124 -  11.05              353 -    92.65            136 -      96.44
     130  갈더마코리아           29,966 -  49.63 -       28,034  적자지속  -       2,731  적자전환 
     131  한국신약           29,200 -    5.46 -         1,853  적자전환           2,322         85.17
     132  파미셀           28,351     12.52              260  흑자전환  -     12,680  적자지속 
     133  익수제약           27,622     31.14            6,319     152.76          4,932       254.06
     134  얀센백신           27,580 -  39.59 -       31,566  적자지속  -     36,126  적자전환 
     135  한독테바           27,257       9.12              281  흑자전환             187 -    101.61
     136  한국코러스           26,924       3.89 -         4,347  적자지속  -     12,285  적자지속 
     137  오스틴제약           26,908     80.11            1,044     544.44            389  흑자전환 
     138  한국산도스           25,161 -  33.51            4,621     325.90          4,397         79.98
     139  초당약품공업           23,575 -    2.74              833       48.22          1,189         23.98
     140  경방신약           22,978     52.79            1,921       65.32          1,646         86.62
     141  유케이케미팜           22,333     14.95              396 -    37.14            138 -      64.97
     142  아이월드제약           21,017     82.08            2,100       89.53          1,210         48.83
     143  휴비스트제약           20,783     18.75            2,257       45.24          1,562         28.03
     144  씨트리           20,540     32.03 -         5,826  적자지속  -       7,474  적자지속 
     145  엠지           20,272       1.20            3,981         9.94          2,760         32.31
     146  뉴젠팜           18,765       0.19            1,638 -    33.12          1,127         81.48
     147  이수앱지스           16,745 -  13.94 -       12,572  적자지속  -     12,988  적자지속 
     148  한국코와           16,372       2.54              366  흑자전환             143  흑자전환 
     149  영동제약           14,450       7.75            2,171 -      6.22            948 -        1.66
     150  크리스탈지노믹스           13,889     63.55            1,773  흑자전환           6,907  흑자전환 
     151  케이엠에스제약           13,114       1.47            1,720       39.95          1,051       131.50
     152  파마킹           11,109       1.54              199  흑자전환  -       3,764  적자전환 
     153  유한메디카             6,833 -  37.31 -            639  적자지속  -          505  적자전환 
     154  크라운제약             4,236 -  26.50 -         2,139  적자지속  -       2,423  적자지속 
 합계   24,775,268     5.57   1,687,792       6.21  1,353,032        1.60

*현대약품, 화이자제약 11월 결산 법인. 제일약품 기업분할로 집계 제외. 유유제약 결산일 변경 집계 제외. 한국MSD, 한국BMS, 한국릴리, 길리어드 등은 유한회사로 공시 의무 없음. *개별포괄재무재표 실적 집계. 

의학신문·일간보사는 유한양행 등 154곳 제약에 대해 2018년 영업실적을 집계했다. 코스피, 코스닥 상장 제약은 물론, 제약협회 및 KRPIA 회원사 등 국내 시장에서 영업중인 대부분 제약을 총망라했다. 다만 3월말 결산법인인 한국다이이찌산쿄, 한국다케다제약, 한국아스텔라스제약, 한국에자이, 미쓰비시다나베파마코리아 등 일본계 기업 및 아주약품 등은 이번 집계에서 제외했다. 또한 기업 분할된 제일약품, 결산일이 변경된 유유제약, 그리고 유한회사로 공시 의무가 없어 실적발표를 하지 않은 한국MSD·한국BMS·한국릴리·길리어드 등도 제외했다.

실적 집계 결과 154곳 제약은 총 24조7752억 매출로 전년(2017년) 대비 5.57% 성장했고, 영업이익 1조6877억으로 6.21%, 당기순이익 1조3530억 1.60% 각각 성장 했다. 2017에 비해 매출성장률은 다소 나아진 반면 영업이익·당기순이익 성장률은 떨어졌다. 전반적 영업실적으로 봐서는 비숫한 정도로 평년작으로 평가됐다.

매출집중도를 분석한 결과 상위 20곳은 12조 4878억 매출로 전체의 절반(50.4%) 정도를 차지하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 상위 40곳으로 늘릴 경우 70%를 점유했다.

주목할 점은 지난해 상위권 기업간 순위다툼이 치열하게 전개됐다는 점. 우선 1~5위까지 최상위권의 경우 매출액 차이가 줄어들었다는 점에 관심이 쏠리고 있다. 매출 리딩기업인 유한양행이 1조5067억, 2위인 녹십자가 1조1414억 매출로 자리를 굳건히 하고 있으나 그 성장률이 유한 3.77%, 녹십자 3.91%로 성장세가 주춤한 것이 사실.

반면 3~5위권인 종근당(9557억, 8.08% 성장), 대웅제약(9435억, 8.86%), 한미약품(7950억, 13.15%) 등이 높은 성장률을 보이며 그 갭을 줄이고 있다.

한편 상위권의 또 다른 특징은 다국적제약사들이 주춤한 사이 국내 기업들이 치고 올라가고 있다는 것. 20위권내에 진입해 있는 화이자(7343억 매출, 6위), 한국로슈(3753억, 17위), 바이엘코리아(3747억, 18위), 사노피 아벤티스(3723억, 19위) 등이 모두 한 계단씩 내려왔고, 반면 JW중외제약(5371억, 9위), 일동제약(5033억, 10위) 등이 그 자리를 차지했다.

한편 일본계 제약기업의 견조한 성장세가 이어졌다. 12월 결산 기업으로는 오츠카제약과 한국쿄와하코기린이 있는데 이들 기업들은 두자리수 매출 성장으로 순위를 높이는가 하면 이익률에 있어서도 두자리수 성장을 보이며 외형과 내실 모두에서 우수한 실적을 거뒀다.

 

이번 실적을 1~50위까지 상위권, 51위~100위까지 중위권, 101위~154위까지 하위권으로 나눠 분석할 경우 하위권 업체들의 영업부진이 두드러진 것으로 나타났다. 상위권의 경우 매출 5.58%성장, 영업이익 10.94%성장 등으로 내실위주의 성장에 방점이 찍혀있었고, 중위권의 경우 매출 7.31%, 영업이익 0.69% 성장 등으로 외형성장에 중점을 둔 것으로 풀이됐다. 반면 하위권의 경우 매출 1.29%성장, 영업이익 –40.94% 역성장 등으로 외형 내실 모두에서 저조한 실적을 보인 것으로 나타났다.

김영주 기자  yjkim@bosa.co.kr

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